Music therapy is a psychotherapeutic method of treatment, when using music helps to positively influence the patient’s physical and mental condition. The therapy is based on listening to music and especially active music promotes healing.
From the beginning, mankind accompanied by music, it is not just entertainment or relaxation. We all can experience that classical or popular music the calming (or even disturbing) affects on us. It was recognized long before that music can also heal. The legends of antiquity said: from the game of Orpheus, even the queen of underworld can be moved , Arion is thrown into the sea enchant the dolphins. For the native people of healing and shamans music is still an important tool. The modern music therapy’s pioneer is the Swiss music educator Emile Jaques-Dalcroze (1865-1950), who put music in service of the education. Since the First World War in US, in the hospitals regularly play music to soldiers – and here we can refer to the specific functionof, military songs and war songs.
What does music therapy give us? The musical stimuli accelerate metabolism. The muscles get more energy. Music can act as both objective and subjective ways to the listener. Objectively, for example, if the listener takes an involuntary rhythm, legs, hands or head hitting the bars. Subjective reactions include when music inspires the feelings and thoughts that depend on the listeners state of mind.
Treatments with music. The music is generally used as adjunctive therapy, but it also happens to be the only healing tool. If we have a dental treatment under a nice, pleasant music, certainly it relieves the tension. But music is also used in cases like physical and mental disabilities, development and behavioral disorders, brain damage, neuroses, psychoses, speech and hearing disorders as well.
We distinguish passive and active music therapy. The passive – patient only a listener, active – patient is a contributor himself, playing a musical instrument or singing (the goal of active music therapy certainly not that the patient learn to sing or play virtuoso masterpieces).
A pleasant, relaxing and lively music in everyday can affect our well-being and work ability, enhances metabolism and increases the concentration ability. During the difficult mental work it is beneficial if there is a softly “background music”. Even when we do not understanf the words of a song – it still can affect us.